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Created in July 7th, 1997   Je parle français !

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Opinions and typographical resources

item Indispensable links to get the documentation about the new Microsoft and Adobe OpenType format, after the similar attempt of Apple (QuickDraw GX). See below, OpenType, and table (Adobe, Microsoft).

item Macro FontLab 2.5 to create composite characters. Composite characters are useful not only during the use of the font, but also during its creation. On the other hand it is desirable that a font does not include composite characters during metric adjustments on basis characters. Note that FontLab 3, which allows to automate operations, or to do complex transformations by combining already available transormation actions (a bit like Fontographer, but a lot better), no longer integrates the LIFO (Last In First Out) macro language, which was included in the version 2.5. FontLab4 will again include this feature (see http://www.fontlab.com/). The version 2.5 is therefore still very useful. More about this macro.

item A demo of FontLab 3.0 is available since October 30th 1997. This demo has been replaced by the release 3.00A February 6th 1998. At the end of the month, the definitive version has been sent to its buyers. Current full version is release 3.00E. See also the FontLab Developers group web page (http://www.fontlab.com/), by Yuri Yarmola. Pyrus FontLab is always the best editor of Type 1 fonts, and is now also a TrueType fonts native editor, that implements the difficult technique of delta hints, like Microsoft Visual TrueType, or Type Solutions StingRay and TypeMan. What does the Fontographer team mean about it, and about Fog5?

item Fontographer versus TypeDesigner. This document answers the very critical point of view about Fontographer, of several reports, namely Kendrick Digital Typography, Laurence Penney, TrueType Typography, http://www.truetype.demon.co.uk/, that stresses TypeDesigner qualities. Moreover, some technical aspect of Type 1 and TrueType formats. This article was written before the first demo version available on the Pyrus site.

item MS Word 6 macro destined to facilitate the creation of custom encodings for Fontographer 4.1 (for Macintosh), with ResEdit.

item demos et programs. FontLab, Fontographer, FontStudio, Type-Designer, Ikarus, etc. Most of them can be downloaded immediately. If others concern you, send an e-mail to .

Presentation of the page

This page shows the ways to have the main documents relating to the technical aspects of the fonts. Links and address given here are all at the bottom of the page. If your browser support the "frames", it's advantageous to use the index which is at the top left. It's only at the bottom of the page that you'll find the links you need for the expansion and the visualization of the documents.

How to find the documentation you want, about the digital typography?

Here is how to have access to some official documents, which present a more or less interest with digital typography.

 
OpenType
Adobe and Microsoft propose information about the new format integrating TrueType and Type1 fonts technologies. Adobe has a page about OpenType, an other more precisely about the version 1.0 of the documentation (OpenType Specification v.1.0). But you will found the documentation itself (version 1.01) only on the Microsoft site, on-line, or to download in the *.zip format (mixing of Acrobat, Word, and html documents; At last all the documentation will be proposed in the html format). See the table below, about Adobe and Microsoft.
Apple
First the reference books on Macintosh (Inside Macintosh) with a html format, or on ftp, with a pdf or Apple DocViewer format.

You will particularly take care of the volume Text (html, pdf ,or DocViewer with index), and especially the chapter 4, "Font Manager"(html, or pdf with Table of Contents), where it speaks about the different typographic resources of the Macintosh. For the TrueType fonts, you must look the reference book, TrueType Font Format Specification, that you can't find on internet, but you can ask it at the APDA (Apple Programmers and Developers Association). But you can also substitute it the official documentation (see below).

Apple has recently created a html page in which the firm propose an online reference manual with the html format, TrueType Reference Manual, a documentation about the quality demands for the GX fonts, QuickDraw GX Font Quality Specification,  powerful TrueType natives tools to download (especially RoyalT and TrueEdit).

 

Other posibility to download Apple TrueEdit (ftp://ftp.ixmedia.com/gx_ftp/utilities/)


APDA address:

APDA Apple Computer, Inc.
P.O. Box 319
Buffalo, New York 14207-0319
Phone: 800-282-2732 (U.S.)
800-637-0029 (Canada)
716-871-6555 (International)
FAX: 716-871-6511
AppleLink: APDA
CompuServe: 76666,2405
GEnie: A.DEVELOPER3
Internet:

France :
Prim'Vert
36, rue des Etats Généraux
78000 Versailles
Tél. 01 39 02 33 44

 

Microsoft
Microsoft proposes his official documentation relating to the TrueType fonts on his ftp server (ttspec.zip), with a zip format, Word 6 (TrueType 1.0 Font Files, Technical Specification, Revision 1.66, November 1995). This documentation is available on the web too, with a html format. You can also get the documentation about the TrueType Open format (ttospec.zip), the Microsoft tools, TrueType SDK (ttsdk.zip), and TrueType Open SDK (ttosdk.zip), all three files with a zip format.

 

Other tools:
TTF EDIT, by Richard King (DOS only), to edit the tables of the TrueType fonts.

FontHopper, Ares before, which has been bought by Adobe, allows the conversion between the TrueType and Type 1 formats (Macintosh and PC).

 

Adobe
You can find the official documentation about Type 1 fonts, Adobe Type 1 Font Format, with a pdf format, a supplement to this documentation (technical note 5015), indications relating to the peculiarities, still about the Type 1 format, linked to the different platforms (technical note 5040).

 

Unicode
For the persons who are interested in the codification of languages characters, other than english and the most part of the european languages, they can command a reference book about it, with a CD-ROM, including a lot of fonts, The Unicode Standard, Second Edition.


 

 

Summary of the online sources

 

LeFoNDs

 

Apple

Inside Macintosh

html

http://devworld.apple.com/ngs/lpp/adrpub/docs/dev/insidemac.shtml)

pdf

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/

DocViewer

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/

 

Inside Macintosh, volume Text

html

http://devworld.apple.com/dev/techsupport/insidemac/Text/Text-2.html

pdf

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/Text/CompleteBookPkg/Text.sit.hqx
(9,917K)

DocViewer

DocV., idx

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/Inside_Macintosh_DocViewer/Text/Text.sit.hqx
(5,617K)

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/Inside_Macintosh_DocViewer/Text/Text.idx.sit.hqx
(2,896K)

 

Inside Macintosh, volume Text, chapter 4, "Font Manager"

html

http://devworld.apple.com/dev/techsupport/insidemac/Text/Text-181.html

pdf

TOC, pdf

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/Text/Font_Manager.pdf.sit.hqx
(583K)

ftp://ftp.apple.com/devworld/Technical_Documentation/Inside_Macintosh/Text/Font_Manager_TOC.pdf.sit.hqx
(93K)

 

TrueType Reference Manual

html

http://fonts.apple.com/TTRefMan/index.html

 

QuickDraw GX Font Quality Specification

html

http://fonts.apple.com/TTQualSpec/index.html

Tools

html

http://fonts.apple.com/Tools/tools.html

or

http://fonts.apple.com/Tools/index.html

 

Microsoft

TrueType 1.0 Font Files, Technical Specification, Revision 1.66

Word6, zip

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/ttspec.zip

html

http://voyager.cns.ohiou.edu/~sadkins/web_library/fonts/fonts_specs/index.html

 

Microsoft tools, TrueType SDK

zip

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/ttsdk.zip

 

TrueType Open Font Files Specification

Word6, zip

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/ttospec.zip

 

TrueType Open SDK

zip

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/ttosdk.zip

 

OpenType Specification v.1.0

ftp zip (html, Word, pdf)

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/otspec.zip

 

OpenType Specification v.1.01

online

http zip (html, Word, pdf)

ftp zip (html, Word, pdf)

http://www.microsoft.com/typography/tt/tt.htm

http://www.microsoft.com/typography/otspec/otsp101.zip
(0.984Mb)

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/developr/drg/truetype/OTSP101.ZIP

 

Adobe

Adobe Type 1 Font Format

pdf

ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/devrelations/devtechnotes/pdffiles/t1format.pdf

 

Adobe Type 1 Font Format

pdf, ftp

pdf, http

ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/devrelations/devtechnotes/pdffiles/T1_SPEC.PDF

or

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/PDFS/TN/T1_SPEC.PDF

The same version as the precedent but with a form (last page) with which you can have floppy that contains the programs described in the "Appendice 3", concerning "Flex" and "hint remplacement".
(PDF: 445 KB / 111 pages)

 

Type 1 Font Format Supplement, Technical Specification #5015

pdf, ftp

pdf, http

ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/devrelations/devtechnotes/pdffiles/5015.type1_supp.pdf

or

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/PDFS/TN/5015.Type1_Supp.pdf
(PDF: 187 KB / 50 pages)

 

Supporting Downloadable PostScript Language Fonts, Technical Note #5040

pdf, ftp

pdf, http

ftp://ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/devrelations/devtechnotes/pdffiles/5040.download_fonts.pdf

or

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/PDFS/TN/5040.Download_Fonts.pdf
(PDF: 67 KB / 22 pages)

Technical Notes for Developers

html

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/technotes.html

 

Sur OpenType

html

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/typeforum/opentype.html

 

Sur OpenType Specification v.1.0

html

http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/devrelations/opentype/main.htm

 

Other tools

TTF EDIT

(page html)

http://styx.ios.com/~kinch

 

Unicode

The Unicode Standard, Second Edition

html

http://www.cm.spyglass.com/unicode/uni2book/u2.html

 

 

Summary of the expansion and document visualization tools

 

LeFoNDs

 

Stuffit Expander (mac)

http://www.aladdinsys.com/consumer/expander1.html

 

DropStuff with Expander Enhancer (mac)

http://www.aladdinsys.com/consumer/dsee1.html

 

Winzip (Windows 3.1)

http://http1.winzip.com/winzip31.exe

 

Winzip (Windows 95 et NT)

ftp://ftp2.winzip.com/winzip/winzip95.exe

 

Pkzip (pc)

http://www.pkware.com/download.html

 

Acrobat Reader (pdf, v.2.1 mac, fr)

ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/acrobatreader/mac/2.x/acrofren.sit.hqx
(3,929K)

 

Acrobat Reader (pdf, v.2.1 mac, US)

ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/acrobatreader/mac/2.x/acr_v21.sit.hqx
(3,758K)

 

Acrobat Reader (pdf, v.2.1 pc)

ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/acrobatreader/win/2.x/

 

Acrobat Reader, other versions

ftp.adobe.com/pub/adobe/acrobatreader/

 

Apple DocViewer (mac) :   ftp Worldwide (v.E1.1) or ftp US (v.1.1.1)

ftp://ftp.apple.com/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/Worldwide/Macintosh/Utilities/Apple DocViewer/E-1.1-Apple DocViewer.sea.hqx
(Worldwide, 297K)

ftp://ftp.apple.com/Apple.Support.Area/Apple.Software.Updates/US/Macintosh/Utilities/Apple_DocViewer_1.1.1.sea.hqx
(US, 276K)

 

 

Summary of the books you can't find online

 

LeFoNDs

 

Apple

TrueType Font Format Specification

(get in touch with the APDA)

 

Adobe

Postscript Language Reference Manual, Second Edition

Addison-Wesley

0-201-18127-4

 

Manuel de référence du langage Postscript, deuxième édition

Addison-Wesley (diffusion Bordas), 1992

2-87908-009-6

 


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